Appendix 4: SARTCP questionnaires

For external researchers: Proposed interview guide for correctional facility residents

For external researchers: Proposed interview guide for correctional facility residents

Facilities interested in collecting information from the resident population should contact a regional college or university or other local professionals to see if they might be interested in taking on this evaluation project. If they use a web-based survey, the professionals don’t need to be local. Only outside professionals can conduct these interviews. Before beginning the interview, the external researcher must discuss the consent form with the resident. For youth, researchers would discuss an assent form and the young person’s parent or guardian must give informed consent. These forms provide information about how the information would be used, describe confidentiality, and give the resident information on how to skip questions they may not want to answer for any reason.

Date: ____________________

Start time: ________________

End time: _________________

Location: __________________

Interviewer: _______________________

This project is focused on safety for residents and on staff training. The goal is to make it easy for residents to report any problems with other residents or with staff, and to receive services that are confidential and accessible.

We are interested in your perceptions of sexual harassment, sexual misconduct, and sexual abuse in this facility. We are also interested in your opinions about how to make it most comfortable for a resident to report any sort of sexual victimization and your opinions about services for victims. We will not ask you any questions about your personal experiences. The interview should take approximately 30 to 45 minutes.

I’d like to begin with some background questions that will allow me to know a little more about you. Again, everything we talk about will be kept confidential and you don’t have to answer any questions you don’t feel comfortable discussing. (Note: Assent and consent forms have been signed prior to the interview beginning.)

  1. How long have you been at this facility?
  2. For purposes of comparison, have you been at other correctional facilities?
    1. IF YES:Was that a county jail, state prison, or juvenile detention?
    2. If more than one prior incarceration, ask about the most recent: How long were you there?
  3. How old are you?

    Now I’d like to ask some questions about this facility and the things that happen here.

  4. How would you describe the environment in this facility? (What it is like to be here? Loud, chaotic, violent, calm, peaceful, etc.?)
  5. Do you believe this is a safe facility? (Do you feel safe here? Do you believe others are safe here? Why or why not?)
  6. In general, how do the residents get along with one another?
    1. IF THEY GET ALONG FINE/WITHOUT SERIOUS PROBLEMS: WHY DO YOU THINK THAT IS? (for example, staff control, residents don’t get into arguments and fights, absence of gangs, busy with programs/work/school, etc.?)
    2. IF THEY DON’T GET ALONG/LOTS OF PROBLEMS:
      WHY DO YOU THINK THAT IS? (for example, staff doesn’t intervene when problems occur, residents cause problems/instigate problems, etc.)

  7. In general, how do the residents and staff get along with one another?
    1. SIMILAR PROMPTS AS FOR QUESTION 6
  8. Are there ever problems between residents?
    1. IF SO:
      WHAT KINDS OF PROBLEMS?
      HOW OFTEN DO THEY HAPPEN?
      HOW HAVE THE PROBLEMS WORKED OUT? (Do they just persist? Do they get settled?)

  9. Are there ever any problems between residents that are sexual in nature?
    1. ASK ABOUT THE FOLLOWING:
      1. Unwanted sexually explicit comments
      2. Unwanted touching
      3. Demands for sexual favors
      4. Sexual threats
      5. Pressure to have sex
      6. Forced oral sex
      7. Rape/forced sex
      8. Residents invading privacy, such as while undressing or while showering
    2. ADDITIONAL PROMPTS IF ANY OF THE ABOVE OCCURS: HOW OFTEN DOES THIS HAPPEN?
      WHERE DO THESE INCIDENTS USUALLY HAPPEN?
      DOES THE STAFF KNOW ABOUT THESE INCIDENTS?
      HOW DO STAFF RESPOND?
      DO OTHER RESIDENTS KNOW?
      IF SO, HOW DO THEY FIND OUT?
      HOW DO THEY RESPOND?

  10. Are there ever problems between the residents and staff?
    1. IF SO:
      WHAT KINDS OF PROBLEMS?
      HOW OFTEN DO THEY HAPPEN?
      HOW HAVE THE PROBLEMS WORKED OUT? (Do they just persist? Do they get settled?)

  11. Are there ever any problems between residents and staff that are sexual in nature?
    1. ASK ABOUT THE FOLLOWING:
      1. Unwanted sexually explicit comments
      2. Unwanted touching
      3. Demands for sexual favors
      4. Sexual threats
      5. Pressure to have sex
      6. Forced oral sex
      7. Rape/forced sex
      8. Staff invading privacy, such as while undressing or while showering
    2. ADDITIONAL PROMPTS IF ANY OF THE ABOVE OCCURS:
      HOW OFTEN DOES THIS HAPPEN?
      WHERE DO THESE INCIDENTS USUALLY HAPPEN?
      DO OTHER STAFF KNOW ABOUT THESE INCIDENTS?
      HOW DO THEY RESPOND?

  12. Is there ever any sexual contact between staff members and residents that you wouldn’t classify as unwanted (for example, sexual relationships, romantic relationships, flirting, comments about a person’s sexual attributes)?
  13. If a resident in the facility were to approach you sexually when you didn’t want that, would you tell a staff member or counselor—someone who works here? It could be anything from looking at your body, sexual comments, touching you, putting pressure on you to have sex with them, or forcing you.
    ANSWER MAY VARY DEPENDING ON THE BEHAVIOR: USE THE FOLLOWING PROMPTS.

    1. IF YES:
      WHO WOULD YOU FEEL THE MOST COMFORTABLE TELLING ABOUT IT? (For example, would you talk to a case manager, shift supervisor, mental health counselor, nurse, volunteer, or outside person, such as your lawyer? With JDC residents, ask about teachers or a parent.)
      WHAT WOULD YOU WANT DONE OR EXPECT TO HAPPEN IF YOU TOLD SOMEONE WHO WORKS HERE ABOUT IT?

    2. IF NO:
      WHY WOULD YOU NOT TELL SOMEONE WHO WORKS HERE?
      Would you consider it snitching?

  14. Would you trust that such a report would be confidential, that is, it would be kept private so that other residents or staff wouldn’t know?
  15. If a staff member in the facility were to approach you sexually, would you tell someone else who works here? This could be flirting, touching you sexually, sexual remarks, pressure to have sex, offering favors in exchange for sex, or forcing you.
    1. IF YES:
      WHO WOULD YOU FEEL THE MOST COMFORTABLE TELLING ABOUT IT? (For example, would you talk to a case manager, shift supervisor, mental health counselor, nurse, volunteer, or outside person, such as your lawyer? (With JDC residents, ask about teachers or a parent.)
      WHAT WOULD YOU WANT DONE OR EXPECT TO HAPPEN IF YOU TOLD SOMEONE WHO WORKS HERE ABOUT IT?

    2. IF NO:
      WHY WOULD YOU NOT TELL SOMEONE WHO WORKS HERE?
      Would you consider it snitching?

  16. Would you trust that such a report would be confidential, that is, it would be kept private so that other residents or staff wouldn’t know?
  17. Many cases of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and sexual abuse go unreported. What do you think could be done to increase the reporting of this type of behavior in this facility?
  18. Do you think some residents are more likely to be victims of sexual abuse?
    1. IF SO:
      WHAT MAKES THEM MORE VULNERABLE OR LIKELY TO BE SEXUALLY ASSAULTED OR ABUSED?
      WHAT COULD FACILITIES DO TO BETTER PROTECT THEM FROM SEXUAL ABUSE?

  19. Do you think some residents or other people in the facility are more likely to be perpetrators of sexual abuse?
  20. What do you think should be done if a resident tells someone in authority that they had sexual contact with another resident when they didn’t want to?
    1. WHAT DO YOU THINK SHOULD BE DONE FOR THE VICTIM? (GIVE PROMPT REGARDING WHAT SERVICES SHOULD BE AVAILABLE OR ARE AVAILABLE.)
    2. WHAT DO YOU THINK SHOULD BE DONE TO THE PERSON WHO DID THIS?
  21. What do you think should be done if residents tell someone in authority that they were sexually assaulted by a staff member?
    1. WHAT DO YOU THINK SHOULD BE DONE FOR THE VICTIM? (GIVE PROMPTS REGARDING WHAT SERVICES SHOULD BE AVAILABLE OR ARE AVAILABLE.)
    2. WHAT DO YOU THINK SHOULD BE DONE TO THE PERSON WHO DID THIS?
  22. Would you be more likely to tell someone in authority about a sexual assault if you could tell someone outside the facility?
  23. Have you received any information at this facility regarding sexual assault, sexual harassment, and staff sexual misconduct? Do you know what to do if you are victimized? How did you get that information? (For example, orientation, a pamphlet, handbook, or staff explained it? Do you know your options?)
  24. What is the best way to give residents this information so that they know what to do?
  25. Would you be more likely to tell someone about a sexual assault or sexual misconduct if the perpetrator were another resident or if they were a staff person? What about if it were a volunteer? (FOR RESIDENTS WHO GO OUT IN THE COMMUNITY: What if it were someone outside the facility?)
  26. Are there any other things related to the content of this interview that I didn’t ask that you would like to talk about?
  27. Before we end our interview, could you identify yourself racially/ethnically? Do you mind telling me how you identify in terms of gender and sexual orientation?
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